Types of Anesthesia


There are several types of anesthesia techniques available:

  • General Anesthesia. You will be unconscious. A breathing device may be used to assist your breathing during surgery. If you have this type of anesthesia, you may have some soreness in your throat after surgery.
  • Regional or Spinal Anesthesia. This is an injection that creates numbness in the area where you are having surgery. Epidural or spinal blocks help numb the abdomen and legs at the same time. Other types of nerve blocks may be done to numb the arms or legs. With regional or spinal anesthesia, you should feel no pain. You may be awake or be given IV sedation to maintain your comfort level.
  • Monitored Anesthesia Care. Uses both local anesthetic at the incision site and medicine injected into your IV.
  • Local Anesthesia. Medicine is injected around the incision site creating a feeling of numbness. You will feel numb only in the area of the surgery. You may be given other medication to help you relax, but you will be awake during the procedure. The surgeon often administers this type of anesthetic when operating on smaller areas of the body.