The reason an infant needs intensive care varies. With that in mind, every infant’s course of care in the NICU will be different and follow its own individual path for the best possible outcome. This may mean more intensive care and different equipment. You may also see the following.
While your infant is in the NICU your infant may require respiratory support. Below are the types of respiratory support you may see.
- Conventional ventilator: The ventilator will provide a set amount of mechanical breaths per minute at designated settings through an endotracheal tube (breathing tube). Infants can also generate their own breaths that will be supported by the ventilator. In addition the ventilator can also provide other forms of less invasive support.
- Endotracheal tube/Breathing tube (ETT): A tube that is placed into your infants’ trachea or windpipe to provide breathing support.
- High frequency oscillator ventilator: A ventilator that allows for tiny breaths at a very rapid rate.
- Micro flow nasal cannula: Provides micro flow oxygen via nasal cannula. 100% oxygen is administered at extremely low flow rates. The flow ranges from 0.02 lpm - 0.2 lpm.
- Nasal cannula: Flow is supplied via nasal cannula. Oxygen can range from 21%-100%. Flow rates typically range from 0.25 lpm to 1 lpm.
- Nasal CPAP (NCPAP): Provides CPAP via nasal cannula and conventional ventilator. Infant breathes on their own and is not receiving mechanical breaths from the ventilator.
- NIPPV: Provided via nasal cannula and conventional ventilator. Provides NCPAP and a set amount of mechanical breaths per minute through a nasal cannula in addition to the infants’ own respiratory effort.
- Vapotherm: Machine that provides heated and humidified flow via nasal cannula. Flow rates typically range from 2 lpm to 6 lpm. Oxygen can range from 21-100%.