Feeding

Initially, most infants admitted to the NICU will not eat by mouth. They will receive IV fluids for nutrition and hydration. Once feedings are initiated, they will often be given through a feeding tube that is passed through the nose or mouth down to the stomach. Developmentally infants can typically begin oral feeding at around 33-34 weeks. It may be later for some infants depending on their clinical status. It may take some time for your infant to be able to eat everything they require by mouth. The feeding tube will remain in place while your infant continues to work on oral feeding.​

Breastfeeding

While your infant is in the NICU the best nutrition for him/her is your breast milk. You should begin pumping 1-2 hours after you deliver or as soon as you are able to do so. In the event that you can not provide breast milk or your supply is not enough to keep up with the amount your infant is eating then we do offer donor breast milk to supplement your supply. We also have specialized formulas made exclusively for premature infants. ​

Fortification

Infants who are born premature have increased nutritional requirements compared to infants who are born at term. For this reason, we will add fortification to your infant’s feedings to provide more calories and more minerals/nutrients.

Kangaroo care or skin-to-skin

Kangaroo care means bonding skin-to-skin with your infant, which is a very special time that can support breastfeeding and breast milk production. Both mothers and fathers are encouraged to hold their infant skin to skin. We do ask that you plan to hold your infant skin to skin for a minimum of 45 minutes.

Newborn Screening

While your infant is in the NICU they will have standard screenings performed. These screenings consist of a blood test, a hearing screen, and a critical congenital heart disease screening. For more information please talk with your baby’s nurse or doctor in the NICU or learn more at https://www.babysfirsttest.org/newborn-screening/screening-procedures or http://www.slh.wisc.edu/clinical/newborn/parents-guide-to-newborn-screening/educational-brochures/.